Annapurna Conservation Area
The Annapurna Conservation Area, located north _west Nepal, is the largest protected area in the country.withih the boundaries lie famous Annapurna one (8091m). It forms the watershed of the rivers like Kali Gandaki, Seti, and Marshyangdi. The area is globally recognized with various prestigious awards such as the Deutscher Rieseburo-Verband Award of Tourism and Environment; the tourism for Tomorrow-Asia Pacific, UNESCO’S Global 500, and many more.
The climate of the Annapurna
The area has two distinct climate regions. The cis-Himalayan region in the south receives annual precipitation of 3000mm and the trans -Himalayan region in the North receives less than 500mm. The region near Pokhara is known as the heaviest rainfall in the country The best time for trekking is between September and December and during spring from February to May. There is less rain in the mountains, especially in the rainshadow areas north of the range of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. These areas are very dry throughout the year.
Flora and Fauna
The area has an entire habitat gradient from sub-tropical sal forest to perennial snow harboring 28 ecosystems. The species include sal, schema, Castanopsis in the lower belt, oak laurel, blue pine, cypress, spruce and fir in the middle belt, and birch rhododendron caragana and other alpine scrubs in the higher belt. So far, only 456 vascular plants have been recorded here including 38 orchid species and 9 rhododendron species. The reserve is home to 101 species of mammals 478 species of birds,41 species of reptiles, and 23 types of amphibians. The symbolic mammal species are snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetian argali and Tibetian wolf, wild ass, Tibetian antelope and bird species found there are Golden eagle demoiselle crane and pheasant.
Area of interest:
The landscape comprises mountain peaks, alpine pastures, trans-Himalayan valleys, forests, lakes, glaciers, rivers, cave, and cultivated lands. Along with Annapurna one in the Annapurna range, the virgin peak of Machhapuchhere(6993m) stands majestically in the area. The area offers the most fascinating routes for trekking. The 14 days Annapurna Circuit Trek takes the visitors right around the Annapurna range giving them an unforgettable experience of the cis-Himalayan ecosystem. It also takes the visitors across Thorung La Pass(5416m) Along the route are strategic viewpoints like the popular Poonhill above Ghorepani from where trekkers enjoy a fascinating panoramic view of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri range of the North. Many of the trekking routes have a unique viewpoint for stunning views of Himalayan and Peak. The Machhapuchhre base camp can be reached in 3 to 4 days from Ghadruk and Annapurna sanctuary Base camp 3 hr from Machhapuchhre Base camp. There are several hot springs in the area .such as Tatopani along the trek from Poonhill down to Jomsom or Besisahar via Thorung – la to Muktinath than by bus 5 hr to Tatopani. And another at Jhinu towards Chhomrong.
The hot water springs are excellent places after a hard trek to relax and bath. The Kali Gandaki river flows through the world’s deepest gorge the place is called Dana from Jomsom to on the way to Tatopani and Tilicho (4919m) is one of the world’s highest places lake. Another high altitude lake Damodar Kund (4890m) is believed to be a source of Kali Gandaki river. The area includes numerous settlements and enclaves habited by over 140000 people representing 10 ethnic groups ( Tibetian –Burman: Gurung, Thakali, Bhotia Ethnic Tibetian and Margaret and Indo- Aryan; Brahmin, Kshetri, Kami, Damaged, Sarki). The more culturally rich areas lie towards the north at Kagbeni from where one can be explored the Upper Mustang the once forbidden kingdom. or trek toward the Muktinath (nirvana god)temple, the Hindu pilgrimage site at a height of 3850m from sea level. The great example of tolerance in religion because there is a Hindu temple as well as Buddhist monastery same places and take care of Buddhist people which we get after Thorung la cross.
Activities of Annapurna Trek:
With the assistance of a guide, visitors can participate in a variety of activities depending upon the level of adventure and interest, visitors can go for trekking culture program, wildlife/ birdwatching, village visit, mountain biking popular in Upper mustang route pony rides, etc.
Annapurna Trek Access:
The nearest town for circuit trek is Besisahar some 175 km to the west. And well connected by road about 7 to 8 hr by bus visitor can hire private car 6 to 7 hr if no trafficking on the way and from there next day visitors can reserve private jeep to Dharapani 5 hr off-road than starts trek. For Annapurna base camp the nearest town is Pokhara 178 km from Kathmandu well connected by air and road from Kathmandu dependent upon visitor’s choice if visitors want to use the bus is 7 to 8 hr by aircraft 22 minute. Access is the road from Pokhara to Naya pool or Phedi to start Annapurna Base Camp trek bus/taxi 130 minute for Naya pool and 45 minutes for Phedi. For upper mustang, trek Access is Road from Pokhara to Jomsom 8 to 9 hr or by airline 25 minutes then continue to Kag Beni gateway for Upper Mustang or Lo Mangthang the Kingdom for forbidden.